Along the eastern bank of the Chambal River lies Kota – an amazing juxtaposition of the majestic medieval age and modern industrialisation temples its untouched wealth of impressive forts, opulent palaces and splendid temples dating back over several centuries retain the past glory, the present day edifices and heavy industries have made it the industrial heartland of Rajasthan.

The history of the city dates back to the 12th century A.D. when the Hada Chieftain, Rao Deva, conquered the territory and founded Bundi and Hadoti. Later, in the early 17th century AD during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Jahangir, the ruler of Bundi -Rao Ratan Singh, gave the smaller principality of Kota to his son, Madho Singh. Since then Kota became a hallmark of the Rajput gallantry and culture.

The commanding fort stands overlooking the modern Chambal Valley Project with its many dams- Kota Barrage,Gandhi Sagar,Rana Pratap Sagar and Jawahar Sagar. An old palace,dating back to the time when Kota was under the control of Hada Chieftaincy-Hadoti faces the Kota Barrage. The Durbar Hall is ornate with beautiful mirror work and has ebony and ivory doors. Exquisite miniatures of the Kota school are housed within the Hall. Other noteworthy edifices of the bygone era are the Brij Raj Bhawan Palace,Jag Mandir-and island Palace, a splendid haveli (mandion) with beautiful frescoes and the royal cenotaphs.


Chambal Garden: A beautifully landscaped garden at the Amar Niwas. Its lush surroundings make it a popular picnic spot offering enjoyable boar rides.

Maharao Madho Singh Museum: Situated in the old palace, the museum has a superb collelction of Rajput miniature paintings of the Kota school,exquisite sculptures,frescoes and armoury. The museum also houses a rich repository of artistic items used by the Kota rulers.

Museum: Housed in the Brijvilas Palace near the Kishore Sagar, the museum displays a rich collection of rare coins,manuscripts and a representative selection of Hadoti sculpture.Especially noteworthy is an exquisitely sculptured statue brought here from Baroli.

Jag Mandir: Amid the picturesque artificial lake of Kishore Sagar constructed in 1346 AD by Prince Dher Deh of Bundi, stands the enchanting little palace of Jag Mandir. The azure waters around the red-sandstone monument enhances its beauty.Boat-rides can be enjoyed in the lake. The Keshar Bagh famous for its royal cenotaphs lies in the vicinity.

Haveli of Devtaji : The beautiful Haveli of Devta Shridharji is located in the middle of the busy market. The haveli is noted for its splendid frescoes and rooms ornate with lovely wall paintings.

Kota Barrage: A part of the irrigation canal system on the Chambal River,this beautiful setting is ideal for outings and evening strolls.

Other Places worth visiting: Kansua temple with a four faced Shiva Lingam, Bhitria Kund,Adhar Shila Budh Singh Bafna haveli and Yatayat Park.


Bardoli (48 km): The oldest and the most beautiful temple complex of Rajasthan dating back to the 9th century A.D. lies on the way to the Pratap Sagar Dam. The intricate carvings and an exquisite image of Natraj (Shiva)-the cosmic dancer on the door of the mandap,offer fine examples of craftsmanship. Many interesting shrines also lie closeby.

Rana Pratap Sagar Dam and Bhainsrodgarh (50-55 km): Bhainsrodgarh Fort lies on the right bank of the Chambal River and a village lies within the fort. The fort is set amidst scenic surroundings. An ancient temple of Gaipar Nath Mahadev on the way is an idyllic picnic spot.

Bhanddeora Temple (Ramgarh) (110 km): Situated in the Baran district atop the Ramgarh hill, is the 11th-12th century temple now in ruins. Easily approachable by jeep and car.

The Remains of Garhgachh (110 km): The 9th and 13th century AD temples in red stone, situated in the Baran district near Atru (30 km).

Nahargarh Fort (145 km): An impressive structure in red stone, the fort is a fine example of the Mughal architecture.

Sitabari (120 km): An ideal picnic spot,situated near the village of Kelwara in the Baran district on the way to Kota-Shiv Puri. The old temples of Sita,Laxman and seven water tanks are worth a visit. The place is the venue of a tribal fair held in May/June every year.

Shergarh (125 km): A historic fort near Barora 10 km in Atru Tehsil in the Baran district.

Fort of Shahbad and Mosque (160 km): The fort was constructed in 1577 AD by the Chauhan ruler Muktaman. The mosque is the biggest in Rajasthan and was built during the reign of Aurangazeb.

Darrah Wildlife Sanctuary (50 km.): An erstwhile royal hunting preserve,it is a thickly wooded sanctuary lying along the south-eastern border of Kota adjacent to the mountain range. The wildlife variety includes panther, spotted deer, tiger, wild boar and bear.

Rock Paintings of Alaniya (25 km): Beautiful rock paintings adorn the bank of the River Alaniya.


Sun City Jodhpur , Gateway to the Thar desert, the city is known for its starking Forts, stately Palaces and gracious buildings. Some of these are now India’s finest hotels. Jodhpur founded in 1459 A.D. by Rao Jodha. The massive 15th century A.D. Mehrangarh Fort looms on the top of a rocky hill, soaring 125 Mts. Above the plains.The city is encompassed by a high wall -10 km long with 8 gates and innumerable bastions.A major trade centre of the 16th century A.D. the fortress-city of Jodhpur is now the second largest city of Rajasthan


Mehrangarh Fort
: The 5 km long majestic fort on a 125 metre high hill is one of the most impressive and formidable structures. Although invincible from the outside, the fort has four gates approached by a winding road. Within the fort are some magnificent palaces with marvelously carved panels , latticed windows and evocative names.
The Moti Mahal, the Phool Mahal, the Sheesh Mahal, the Sileh Khana and the Daulat Khana. These palaces house a fabulous collection of trappings of Indian royalty including a superb collection of palanquins, elephant hawdahs, miniature paintings of various schools, musical instruments, costumes and furniture.

Jaswant Thada:
A cluster of royal cenotaphs in white marble built in 1899 A.D. in memory of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. Within the main cenotaph are the portraits of various Jodhpur rulers.

Umaid Bhawan Palace : The only 20th century palace built under the famine relief project that gave employment to famine struck population. The palace was completed in 16 years. This opulent edifice in sandstone is still the residence of the former rulers with a part of it running as hotel and remaining part as a museum.

Girdikot and Sardar Market : These colourful markets with tiny shops dotting the narrow lanes are situated in the heart of the city and are popular for a wide range of handicrafts, making them the favorite haunt of shoppers.

Museum: The museum has an exquisite ensemble of paintings, sculptures and antique weapons.EXCURSIONSBalsamand Lake and Gardens (5 km) : A pretty lake built in 1159 A.D. A splendid summer Palace stands by the lake side surrounded by beautiful gardens. An idyllic spot for excursions.

: ( 8 km ) The ancient capital of Marwar has cenotaphs of the Jodhpur rulers. The Hall of heroes has fifteen figures carved out of the rock on the wall which represent Hindu deities. Its beautiful gardens with high rock terraces make it a popular picnic spot.

Mahamandir Temple: ( 9 km ) : Built in 1812 A.D. it is noteworthy temple with 84 carved pillars.

Kailana Lake (11 km): The beautiful lake is an ideal picnic spot.

Osian (58 km): An oasis in the desert, situated on the diversion off the main Jodhpur-Bikaner Highway. A drive to this ancient township takes one past undulating terrain,punctuated by desert stretches and little hamlets.Osian has 15 beautifully sculptured Jain and Brahmanical temples. Of these the most outstanding ones are the earlier Surya or Sun Temple and the later Kali temple, Sachiya Mata Temple and the main Jain temple dedicated to Lord Mahavira.

Dhawa (45 km): A wildlife sanctuary with the largest number of Indian antelopes.

Nagaur (135 km): An imposing fort with beautiful murals. It is also the venue for a beautiful murals. It is also the venue for a week long cattle fair held in Jan/Feb every year.

Rohitgarh (40 km): This fort is a one of the best heritage hotel in Rajasthan.

Luni Fort (20 km): This fort also converted into a heritage hotel and its worth to visit.



JAISALMER- Rising from the heart of the Thar Desert like a golden mirage is the city of Jaisalmer. A commanding fort etched in yellow sandstone stands, with all its awesome splendor, dominating the amber-hued city.

The city has an interesting legend associated with it, according to which, Lord Krishna-the head of the Yadav Clan, foretold Arjuna that a remote descendent of the Yadav Clan would built his kingdom atop the Trikuta Hill. His prophecy was fulfilled in 1156 A.D. when Rawal Jaisal, a descendent of the Yadav Clan and a Bhatti Rajput,abandoned his fort at Lodurva and founded a new capital -Jaisalmer,perched on the Trikuta Hill.

Bahti Rajputs of Jaisalmer were fedual chiefs who lived off the forced levy on the caravans laden with precious silks and spices that crossed the territory enroute Delhi-or-Sind. These caravans earned the town great wealth.

For years Jaisalmer remained untouched by the outside influences. The rise of shipping trade and the port of Mumbai saw the decline of Jaisalmer. But the desert fortress, that seems to be straight out of the ‘Tales of the Arabian Nights’ still enchants.

The life within the citadel conjures up images of medieval majesty visible in its narrow lanes stewn with magnificent palace, havelis, temples and of course skilled artisans and ubiquitous camels.

The setting sun turning Jaisalmer into a beautiful golden brown is a spectacular sight.

The perfect time to visit the golden city is during the Desert Festival, held in Jan/Feb. every year, when the city reverberates to the sound of melodious tunes and rhythms.

Folk dances, exciting competitions an contests, especially the turban-tying contest. Mr. Desert contest and camel races enliven the festivities. Colorful craft bazaars are set up for the occasion and a sound and light spectacle is organized wit folk artists performing against the splendid backdrop of the famous Sam sand dunes on the full moon night. Surely a not-to-be missed event.


The Fort: The golden hued fort is a sentinel to the bleak desertscape from its 80 metre high perch on the hill,housing the entire township within its ramparts.It has an enchanting cow-web of narrow lanes dotted with some lovely havelis,three beautifully sculptured Jain Temples of the 12th-15th century A.D. and five interconnected palaces.The fort is approached through four gateways-Akhaiyal,Ganesh Pol,Suraj Pol and Hava Pol.

Manak Chowk and Havelis: A main marketplace outside the fort leads to the narrow lanes dotted with famous havelis.

Gadsisar Lake: A scenic rain water lake with numerous beautiful shrines around and a spectacular avian variety. The lake is an idyllic spot for outings.

Tazia Tower: A pagoda like structure looming up from the ‘Badal Mahal’ with beautiful ‘Taazias’-ornately decorated bamboo,paper and tinsel replicas of a bier, carried out in procession during Moharram by the Muslims.

Havelis: Some of the most exotic mansions or havelis,all intricately latticed are strew all over Jaisalmer-each with a different facade.

Nathmalji-ki-Haveli: The late 19th century haveli with intricate architecture a display of sheer craftsmanship. The justify and right wings of the mansion which were carved by two brothers are not identical but very similar and balanced in design. The interior walls are ornate with splendid miniature paintings.

Patwon -ki-HaveliThe most elaborate and magnificent of all the Jaisalmer havelis. It has exquisitely carved pillars and extensive corridors and chambers.One of the apartments of this five storey high haveli is painted with beautiful murals.

Salim Singh-ki-Haveli: This 300 year old haveli of Jaisalmer’s Prime Minister to Maharaja Rawal Gaj Singh-Salim Singh, has a beautiful blue cupola roof with superbly carved brackets in the form of peacocks.This extraordinary mansion in yellow stone is covered with intricate carvings and has an elaborate projecting balcony on the top storey.The mansion is one of the most notable of the array of havelis.

Jain Temple: The fort has three exquisitely carved jain temples dedicated to the Jain Tirthankars-Rishabhdev,Sambhavnath and Paraswanath.

Gyan Bhandar or Library: Some of the oldest manuscripts of India are found in this library established as a part of Jain temples.


Lodurva (16 km)The ancient capital of Jaisalmer and an important pilgrim spot of the Jain community with some magnificent Jain temple. “Toran’ or the ornate arches at the main entrance and splendid carvings are noteworthy. A ‘Kalptaru’ or a divine tree within is the main attraction of the temple

Wood Fossil Park, Aakal(17 kms): Lying on the Barmer Road , this park takes you back to the Jurassic period (when the whole Thar region lay under the sea) with 180 million year old fossils – the geological landmarks for the study of the Thar Desert.

Sam Sand Dunes(42 km)No trip to Jaisalmer is complete without a trip to the most picturesque dunes of Sam. The ripples on the wind -caressed dunes, that create an enchanting mirage, are surely a delight for a trigger -happy photographer.
Various cultural programmes are organized against the backdrop of these fascinating sand dunes. Exciting camel safaris allow you to get the real feel of the desert on the camel back.

Desert National Park (45 km): The landscape of the Desert National Park is dominated by rolling sand dunes and scrub covered hills. The prominent fauna of the park includes black buck , chinkara, desert fox and the great Indian bustard.

Amar Sagar (5 km) : A pleasant garden beside a lake with mango and other fruit trees. Beautifully carved Jain temples add to its splendor.

Bada Bagh (6km.) : A fertile oasis on the bank of an artificial lake. Much of the city’s fruits and vegetables are grown here. Surrounded by dense trees are the royal cenotaphs with beautifully carved ceilings and equestrian statues of the former rulers.

Mool Sagar(18km.) : The pleasant shady grove is a perfect picnic spot during summers.

Barmer (155 km): A tiny desert town renowned for its hand block printing industry,carved wood furniture,colorful costumes and amiable folks.


The picturesque capital of Rajasthan, Jaipur is a well planned city with buildings of pink sand stone. It was founded in 1727 A.D. by the astronomer King Sawai Jai Singh – II and built according to shilpashastra. The ancient Hindu treatise on architecture and sculpture. It is a walled city with seven gates. paved roads and the city itself divided into seven rectangular blocks. Amer, the old capital is a fairy tale journey into the past. Jaipur – with its historical past, revives legend of the ancient Rajputs. the dresses of the women and the turbans of the men add colour to this fantasy city.

There is a timeless appeal to Jaipur’s colorful bazaars where one can shop for Rajasthani handlooms and trinkets. Beautifully laid out gardens and parks, attractive monuments and marvelous heritage hotels, once the residence of Maharaja’s are worth admiration. Not to mention the ambling camels and cheerful people in multi-hued costumes that make your trip to the pink city a memorable one.


The City Palace : In the heart of the old city is former royal residence built in a blend of the Rajasthani and Mughal styles. The carved arches are supported by grey-white marble columns ornate with floral motifs in gold and colored stones. Two carved elephants in marble guard the entrance. The retainers whose families have served generations of rulers serve as guides.


The palace houses a museum with a superb collection of Rajasthani costumes and armory of Mughals and Rajputs including swords of different shapes and sizes with chased handles, some of them inlaid with enamel and embellished with jewels and encased in magnificent scabbards.

The palace also has an art gallery with an excellent collection of miniature paintings, carpets, royal paraphernalia and rare astronomical works in Arabic,Persian,Latin and Sanskrit, acquired by Sawai Jai Singh II to study astronomy in detail.

Jantar Mantar: A stone observatory. Largest of Jai Singh’s five remarkable observatories. Its complex instruments,whose setting and shapes are scientifically designed, represent the high points of medieval Indian astronomy.The most striking of these are the Ram Yantras used for gauging altitudes.

Hawa Mahal: Built in 1799 A.D. the Hawa Mahal or Palace of Winds is a major Rajput landmark. This five storey building along the main street of the old city is in pink splendor with semioctagonal and delicately honey combed sandstone windows. The monument was originally conceived with the aim of enabling ladies of the royal household to watch the everyday life and royal processions of the city.

Govind Devji Temple: The most popular spireless temple of Jaipur dedicated to Lord Krishna. It is located in the central pavilion of the Jai Niwas Garden to the north of Chandra Mahal. The image of the patron deity-Govind Devji,originally installed in a temple of Vrindavan, was reinstalled here by Sawai Jai Singh II as his family deity.

Ram Niwas Bagh : A lush spacious garden with a zoo, an aviary, a greenhouse, a herbarlum , a museum and popular sport ground. It was built by Sawai Ram Singh II in the 1868 A.D. as a famine relief project. The Albert Hall-fine example of Indo Sarcenic style of architecture designed by Sir Swinton Jacob, was opened later with an exquisite collection of sculptures, paintings, decorative wares, natural history specimen, and Egyptian mummy and the celebrated Persian carpet. Recently, the Rabindra Manch with an auditorium, a modern art gallery and an open air theatre, has been added to promote cultural events.

Dolls Museum : Pretty dolls from various countries are on display in the compound of the school for deaf and dumb children,near the Police Memorial.

BM Birla Planetarium : The Planetarium offers unique audio-visual education and entertainment with its modern computerized projection system. For school groups concessions are available. Closed on last Wednesday of every month.

Moti Doongari : Moti Doongari is a privately owned hilltop fort built like a scottish castle. The Ganesh Temple at the foot of the hill

Statue Circle : The full-length exquisitely carve statue of Swai Jai Singh in white marble in the centre of the circle was erected under the newly planned scheme area to pay homage to the founder of Jaipur. OTHERS: Beautiful memorials to the queens,Maharani-ki-chattri are near the Ramgarh road crossing on the Amber Raod. The Island Palace,Jal Mahal built by Sawai Jai SinghI, is a fascinating spot at the centre of the Man Sagar Lake.

The Kanak Vrindavan : Complex of fine temples and gardens has been recently renovated to their pristine perfection. To the west of this road is the royal crematorium at Gaitore in a narrow valley with some spectacular cenotaphs of all the Jaipur rulers except Swai Ishwari Singh who was cremated outside the Jai Niwas Garden. Most imposing is the ‘chattri’ of Sawai Jai Singh II with the intricate carvings and a graceful shape.

Ghat ki Guni : Beautifully landscaped gardens, laid out in the 18th and 19th century by king and courtiers dot the narrow gorge in the south eastern corner of the walled city, along the road to Agra. Sisodia Rani Garden has tiered multilevel gardens with fountains, water channel and painted pavilions and suites of living rooms. Amongst others, Vidhyadhar-ka-Bagh is the best preserved one, with shady trees, flowing water, an open pavilion. It was built by the planner of the city,Vidhyadhar.

Amer Palace and Shila Mata Temple : A beautiful complex of palaces, halls,pavilions,gardens and temples built by Raja Man Singh,Mirza Raja Jai Singh and Sawai Jai Singh over a period of about two centuries still stand in magnificent state. The palace complex emerges dramatically from the placid waters of the Maotha Lake and is approachable only through a steep path. Tourists often ride on the elephant bak to the Singh pol and th Jaleb Chowk. Two flights of stairs rise from on end of the chowk, one leading to the Shila Mata Temple and other to the palace complex. The image of the patron of goddess,worshipped by thousands of deovtees, was brought from Jessore in East Bengal (now in Bangladesh) by Raja Man Singh, to be installed here.
A spectacular pillared hall -Diwan-e-Aam and a double storeyed painted gateway. Ganesh Pole dominate the from courtyard, An elegant tiny garden in Charbagh style beyond th corridors, has Sukh Niws to its right and Jas Mandir to its justify. The latter combines the Mughal and Rajput architecture seen in its beautiful interior with intricately carved Jali screens,delicate mirror and stucco work and painted and carved dadoes. The well proportioned Mohan Bari or Kesar Kyari in the centre of the Maotha Lake and the Dilaram Bagh at its north end provides a spectacular view of the palaces above.

Old City : Once a settlement of nobles,craftsmen and common folks, the city of Amer is now in ruins. The remanants of its rich past are the beautifully carved and planned Jagat Shiromani Temple, a Krishna temple associated with Meerabai, an ancient temple of Narsinghji and a magnificent step-well,Panna Mian-ka-kund.

Jaigarh : One of the few military structures of medieval India, retaining its ancient splendour in palaces,gardens , reservoirs, a granary, an armoury, a well planned cannon foundary, several temples, a tall tower and a giant mounted cannon-the Jai Ban,one of the largest in the country are preserved here. The extensive parkotas (wallls), watch tower and gateways of Jaigarh dominate the western skyline.

Nahargarh : A sentinerl to the Pink City is Nahargarh Fort, situtated beyond the hills of Jaigarh. Although much of it is in ruins, the lvoerly building added by Sawai Ram Singh II and Sawai Madho Singh II provides interest to the fort.


Sanganer (12 km): Located on the Tonk road,. In addition to its ruined palaces, Sanganer has exquisitely carved Jain temples. The town is entered through the ruins of two tripolias (Triple gateways) The town is an important centre for crafts industry and produces some of the finest hand printed textiles from units of block and screen printers. This textile is popular all over the country and abroad.

Bagru (35 km) : On the Ajmer Raod, the ground level fort is still in good shape. It is noted for its hand printed handloom industry using simple techniques. The designs of these handloom are less complicated and are in earth hues.

Ramgarh Lake (32 km. North east): A huge artificial lake created by constructing a high bund amidst tree covered hills. White the temple of Jamwa Mata and the ruins of the old fort are some of its antiquities, its beautiful landscape,especially during monsoons,makes it an idyllic picnic spot.

Samod (40 km, north west): The beautiful Samode Palace, has been rebuilt and renovated and provides a fine example of the Rajput haveli architecture and is an ideal spot for outings.

Bairath (86 km on the Shahpura-Alwar Road): An important historical place with the excavated remains of a circular Buddhist temple-unique in Rajasthan and the earliest known temple in India. Bairath also has relics of the Mauryan,Mughal and Rajput periods. A mint constructed by Akbar, a beautiful Mughal garden and a remarkable monument with painted chhatris and walls built by Jahangir are other attractions.

Jaisinghpura Khor (12 km off the Amer Raod) : One of the settlement of the Meena tribe, it has a formidable fort, a jain temple and a step-well amid lush surroundings.


Dungarpur means a ‘Hill Town’ was founded in 1282 A.D. by Rawal Veer Singh, Rawal Veer Singh Dev took over this part of the state from the Bhil Chieftain Dungaria and laid the foundation of the city as well as of the Old Palace on 14th Oct. 1282 AD

The district is wild and rugged being situated in the foothills of the Aravallis. The terrain though fairly open in the south and east is interspersed with stony slopes covered with low jungle of cactus, jujube trees and salar (Boswellia Servata, gum producing tree). A variety of shrubs and trees, which require neither a deep soil nor moisture also grow in the area. In the north and the east the country is rugged and wild but towards the south west border the harsh features gradually become softer.

The eastern part of the Gujarat region, slopes down towards the basin of the Mahi river and consists of a plain and a level cultivated area. Two rivers, the Mahi and the Som, flow through the area. The former separates the district from Banswara and the latter forms the natural boundary between this district and Udaipur. The cultivated area is mostly confined to the valley and low ground between the hills where the soil is alluvial.

Dungarpur is famous for its unique style of architecture as seen in its palaces and noble residences. These royal residences are adorned by ‘jharokhas ‘ built in stone in a unique style typical of the area developed during the reign of Maharawal Shiv Singh (1730-1785 A.D.) The district’s gold and silversmiths are renowned for lacquer painted toys and picture framing.


Udai Bilas Palace : The royal residence named after Maharawal Udai Singh II , a patron of art & architecture, the palace is a veritable example of the Rajput architecture ornate with intricately sculptured pillars and panels, impressive balconies, bracketed windows and marvellous arches.

Juna Mahal : The 13th century seven storeyed structure resembling a fortress with crenellated walls, turrets, narrow entrances and corridors to slow down the enemy. The splendid interiors embellished with beautiful frescoes, miniature paintings, glass and mirror work, make it an inpressive creation. addmission is reserved to visit the Palace.

Gaib Sagar Lake : A famous shrine of Shrinathji lies along the lake . The shrine is a conglomeration of several exquisitely built temples with one main temple. The Vijay Raj Rajeshwar Temple dedicated to Lord Shiva is an architectural splendour and a fine example of craftmanship of the shilpis of Dungarpur.

Museum : The museum is fine collection of ancient statues.

Baneshwar :Baneshwar temple is much revered by the Bhils. Other temples dedicated to Lord Vishnu and Lord Brahma are worth seeing for their exquisitely carved pillars and gateways. This is also the place to be in when the Bhils celebrate their biggest and most important fair-the Baneshwar Fair.
Dedicated to Lord Shiva, this is the largest gathering of the Bhils who collect here from all over, including Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. A visit to the fair can be great fun as you mingle with the crowds and watch the simple tribal folk enjoying themselves.

Dev Somnath: A splendid 12th century temple dedicated to Lord Shiva built in white stone. It is an exact replica of the original Somnath temple in Gujarat. When the original temple was destroyed several times by the Muslim invaders, devout Hindus decided to create this replica in the interiors so that it would remain safe.

Galiyakot :Once the capital of the Parmar kings but today it is renowned for its magnificent shrine dedicated to Sayed Fakhruddin. Thousands of devotees gather here during the URS. Other important places to see are Baroda, the erstwhile capital of Vagad, where some temples still survive.

Bhuvaneshwar: It is a famous temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and colorful fair held on the 5th day after Holi festival every year by Bhil people.


The hilltop fortress of Chittaurgarh epitomizes the whole romantic, doomed ideal of Rajput chivalry. Three times in its long history, Chittor was sacked by a stronger enemy and, on each occasion, the end carne in textbook Rajput fashion as jauhar was declared in the face of impossible odds. The men donned the saffron robes of martyrdom and rode out from the fort to certain death, while the women and children immolated themselves on a huge funeral pyre. Honour was always more important than death.

Despite the fort’s impressive locations and colourful history, Chittor is well and truly off the main tourist circuit and sees surprisingly few visitors. It’s well worth the detour.


Chittor’s first defeat occurred in 1303 when Ala-ud-din Khilji, the Pathan King of Delhi, besieged the fort in order to capture the beautiful Padmini, wife of the Rana’s uncle, Bhim Singh. When defeat was inevitable the Rajput noblewomen, including Padmini, committed sati and Bhim Singh led the orange-clad nobleman out to their deaths.

In 1535 it was Bahadur Shah, the sultan of Gujarat, who besieged the fort and, once again, the medieval dictates of chivalry determined the outcome. This time, the carnage was immense. It is said that 13,000 Rajput women and 32,000 Rajput warriors died following the declaration of jauhar.

The final sack of Chittor came just 33 years later, in 1568, when the Mughal emperor, Akbar, took the town. Once again, the fort was defended heroically but, once again, the odds were overwhelming and the women performed sati, the fort gates were flung open and 8000 orange-robbed warriors rode out to their deaths. On this occasion, Maharana Udai Singh fled to Udaipur where he re-established his capital. In 1616, Jehangir returned Chittor to the Rajputs but there was no attempt at resettlement.


The fort stands on a 280-hectare site on top of a 180-metre-high hill, which rises abruptly from the surrounding plain. Until 1568, the town of Chittor was also on the hilltop within the fort walls but today’s modern town, known as Lower Town, sprawls to the west of the hill. A river separates it from the bus stand, railway line and the rest of the town.

Bhim, one of the Pandava heroes of the Mahabharata, is credited with the fort’s original construction. All of Chittor’s attractions are within the fort. A zigzag ascent of over one km leads through seven gateways to the main gate on the western side, the Ram Pol.

On the climb, you pass two chhatris, memorials marking spots where Jaimal and Kalla, heroes of the 1568 siege, fell during the struggle against Akbar. Another chhatri, further up the hill, marks the spot where Patta fell. The main gate on the eastern side of the fort is the Suraj Pol. Within the fort, a circular road runs around the ruins and there’s a deer park at the southern end.

Today, the fort of Chittor is a virtually deserted ruin, but impressive reminders of its grandeur still stand. The main sites can all be seen in half a day (assuming you’re not walking) but, if you like the atmosphere of ancient sites, then it’s worth spending longer as this is a very mellow place and there are no hassles whatsoever.

Rana Kumbha Palace

Entering the fort and turning right, you come almost immediately to the ruins of this palace. It contains elephant and horse stables and a Siva temple. One of the jauhars is said to have taken place in a vaulted cellar. Across from the palace is the archaeological office and museum, and the treasury building or Nau Lakha Bhandar.

Fateh Prakash Palace
Just beyond the Rana Kumbha Palace, this palace is much more modern (Maharana Fateh Singh died in 1930). It houses a small and poorly lit museum, and the rest of the building is closed. The museum is open daily except Friday from 10 am to 4pm.

Tower of Victory
Continuing anticlockwise around the fort, you come to the Jaya Stambh, or Tower of Victory. Erected by Rana Kumbha to commemorate his victory over Mahmud Khilji of Malwa in 1440, the tower was constructed between 1458 and 1488. It rises 37 metres in nine storeys and you can climb the narrow stairs to the top.

Hindu sculptures adorn the outside of the tower, but the dome was damaged by lightning and repaired during the last century. Close to the tower is the Mahasati, an area where the ranas were cremated during Chittorgarh’s period as the Mewar capital. There are many sati stones here. The Sammidheshwar Temple stands in the same area.

Tower of Fame
Chittor’s other famous tower, the Kirti Stambha, or Tower of Fame, is older (probably built around the 12th century) and smaller (22 metres high) than the Tower of Victory. Built by a Jain merchant, it is dedicated to Adinath, first Jain tirthankar, and is decorated with naked figures of the various tirthankars, thus indicating that it is a Digambara, or ‘sky clad’, monument. A narrow stairway leads through the seven storeys to the top.

Padmini Palace
Continuing south, you come to Padmini’s Palace, built beside a large pool with a pavilion in its centre. Legends relate that, as Padmini stood in this pavilion, Ala-ud-din was permitted to see her reflection in a mirror in the palace. This glimpse was the spark the convinced him to destroy Chittor in order to possess her.

The bronze gates in this pavilion were carried off by Akbar and can now be seen in the fort at Agra. Continuing round the circular road, you pass the deer park, the Bhimlat Tank, the Suraj Pol gate and the Neelkanth Mahadev Jain temple, before reaching the Tower of Fame.

Walk down beyond the temple and, at the very edge of the cliff, you’ll see this deep tank. A spring feeds the tank from a carved cow’s mouth in the Cliffside- from which the reservoir got its name. The opening here leads to the cave in which Padmini and her compatriots are said to have committed jauhar.

Other Buildings
Close to the Fateh Prakash Palace is the Meera Temple, built during the reign of Rana Kumbha in the ornate Indo-Aryan style and associated with the mystic-poetess Meerabai. The larger temple in this same compound is the Kumbha Shyam Temple, or Temple of Virji. The Jain (but Hindu influenced) Singa Chowri Temple is nearby.

Across from Padmini’s Palace is the Kalika Mata Temple, an 8th –century Surya temple. It was later converted to a temple to the goddess Kali. At the northern tip of the fort is another gate, the Lokhota Bari, while at the southern end is a small opening from which criminals and traitors were hurled into the abyss.


Bundi and Kota were once a singly principality ruled by the Hada Chauhans, an offshoot of the famous clan of Chauhans who ruled Delhi and Ajmer.After the defeat of Prithviraj Chauhan by Sultan Mohammed Ghori in 1193, the Chauhan nobles sought sanctuary in Mewar. They were welcomed and proved allies to the Rana.Yet some young warriors ventured on their own overpowered the Meena and Bhil Tribals of Chambal valley and established the kingdom of Hadavati or Hadoti. Later two branches of the Hadas formed two separate states on either sides of the Chambal. These were Kota and Bundi. Bundi town nestles in a narrow valley, enclosed by huge walls and fortified by four gateways.In the centre of the township lies a lake. A medieval fortress stands sentinel to this city – amute witness to history and time.
Bundi is famous for its intricate paintings and murals.Bundi lies embraced by hills, the capital of the Hada Rajputs who established their craggy stronghold in these forested hills, but fate and the forces of power created Kotah, a breakaway part of Bundi that went on to become larger and more powerful than its parent state.


Taragarh fort : The town’s Rajput legacy is well preserved in the shape of the massive Taragarh fort ( it is also known as Star Fort )which broods over the town in the narrow valley below and the huge palace which stands beneath it. This Fort was built in 1354. It is reached by a steep road leading up the hill side to its enormous gateway, topped by rampant elephants. Inside are huge reservoirs carved out of solid rock and the Bhim Burj, the largest of the battlements, on which is mounted a famous cannon. Views over the town and surrounding countryside are excellent. The Palace is one of the finest examples of Rajput architecture. It is massed across a rocky height , approached by a road of stone steps and ramps meant for horsemen and chariots. Here, the Chitra Mahal is an absolute delight. In a gallery built around a sunken court open to the sky, there are beautiful murals done in the Bundi style of miniature paintings. Above the palace, accessed through the impressive Elephant Gate are the royal apartments, murals, balconies, corbels, pavilions, fretted windows, domes.Sunset dusts the memorial pavilions, or Chhatris, of the former rulers with gold. This quiet place is set in a grove of old trees and the high platforms of the memorials are decorated with horses and elephants.Bundi has a couple of beautiful baoris (step wells) right in the centre of town.

Tara Garh Palace : A complex of various palaces, built by rulers of different times. Hugging the steep hillside, the complex looks like a checkerboard when viewed from above. This magnificent structure is a fine example of the Rajput architecture housing some of the superb Bundi landscape including Chitrashala, a fascinating pavilion and a gallery of miniature murals embellish the palace.

Rani Ji Ki Baori : Right in the centre of the town are a couple of extremely awe-inspiring baoris or step wells. The largest of its kind, is 46 mts deep and endowed with intricate carvings. Built in 1699 by Rani Nathavatji, the steps leading down to the water are framed with soaring pillars. Panels, depicting images displaying animal-human evolution, have been carved in the images of avatars.Largest of its kind, with beautifully carved walls and pillars and the high arched gate is this stepwell of the Bundi queen, who took baths here at religious occasions.

Chaurasi Khambo ki Chhatr
: This 84-pillared cenotaph was raised in the memory of Deva, the son of the wet nurse of Rao Raja Anirudh Singh. Built on a high platform this unique double story cenotaph has a large Shivlinga at the center, which makes it both a temple as well as a cenotaph.

A beautiful pavilion and gallery of fascinating murals in the miniature style. The walls areadorned with elaborate painting depicting scenes from the Ragmala and Raslila, the Radha-Krishna legends. The colour scheme of all these paintings is blue, green, turquoise on white with touches of terracotta or yellow. Bundi Wall paintings are famous all over the world.

Chatra Mahal, Ratan Daulat & Badal Mahal : These palaces are part of Garh Palace. The main attraction is rooms and galleries full of murals of Bundi Miniature Paintings. The colour schemes of these paintings are red, golden and blue. Although these palaces are private property of the Maharaja and are not open for public. But any body can visit these places with the help of Maharaja’s staff.

Sukh Mahal : Means Palace of bliss where Rudyard Kipling stayed when he visited Bundi in late 19th Century. This magnificent summer palace was constructed during the reign of Rao Raja Vishnu Singh. It is said that an underground tunnel runs from Sukh Mahal to Taragarh Fort.

Hunting Lodge: It was royal hunting lodge. Nestled in the woods amidst lush greenery, it is a beautiful picnic spot.The Rajputana of yore, set amidst the great Thar, the only desert of the sub-continent, is known not only for the sizzling heat and the dunes but also for the warmth in the hearts of the people. Considered as the most colourful region of India , this exotic land of valiance and chivalry has an unusual diversity in all its forms, people, customs, culture, costumes, music, manners, dialects, and cuisine etc. It is the land of superlatives, everything here is breathtakingly beautiful, impressive and fascinating. Rajasthan is endowed with invincible forts, magnificent palaces and havelis. We will confine ourselves only with the southern Rajasthan – The Hadoti region that is BUNDI, the least explored land of Rajasthan. The Remote but fascinating town of Bundi deserves more than a short visit. It is reputed among the tourists for its palaces, step wells and water tanks. Countless monuments spread the city reflects the peaks of the architectural excellence achieved during the days of yore. The huge frescos depicting the glory of Rajput rulers are the special attractions.

Menal : In the middle of beautifully wooded revives is a gorge of the Menal river and the ruins of what used to be the mountain retreat of thegreat Raja Prithviraj Chauhan. On the banks of river are the ruins of an ancient palace and a complex of beautiful temples dating 12th century. The waterfalls here are in stark contrast of the image one usually holds of Rajasthan Haveli Braj Bhushanjee invites you to explore the rich heritage and culture of BUNDI. Your every moment will be caught and held in its history. Bundi is a dream remembered. Nestling at the footsteps of a large craggy hill, Bundi, named after Bunda Meena, was established by Rao Deva in 1241 A.D. The large dominating complex of fort and palaces, hugging the steep hillside, is mainly made of two- Garh-Palace and Taragarh-Fort.

Jait Sagar Lake (3 km): A picturesque lake cradled in the hills, built by Jaita Meena. The swirling fountain at night is a visual delight.

(20 km):The cave temple of Lord Shiva surrounded by the Aravalli ranges. An ideal picnic spot as well.

Keshavraipatan (45 km.): It is an ancient city famous for the temple of Keshavraiji (Vishnu). The architecture and sculpture at this temple is unique. It was constructed in the year 1601 A.D. by Maharaja Shatrusal of Bundi. A famous Jain temple is also there.

 (45 km):The Ramgarh Sanctuary is located on the Nainwa road. One needs to take permission for the State Forest Department prior to a visit to the sanctuary.

(50 km): An ancient fort and the city of Bijolia is situated on the Bundi Chittaurgarh road. On the side of the fort is a large temple of Lord Shiva in its center with a fine image of Lord Ganesha standing as a guardian at the entrance. A carved archway leads to the temple.

Nawal Sagar: Visible from the fort is the square artificial lake of Nawal Sagar, broken up by islets. A temple dedicated to Varuna, the Aryan god of water, stands half submerged in the center of the lake. The reflection of the entire city and its palaces can be seen in the lake – making it a unique attraction of Bundi

Talwas (53 km):A magnificent fort built by the ruler Ajit Singh. A temple of Dhooleshwar Mahadev and a picturesque water adjoining the fort are worth a visit. The beautiful Ratna Sagar Lake is close by and it’s a haven for fauna like bear and deer during the monsoon.

Dugari (65 km): Remnants of ancient wall paintings can be seen in the Ram Mandir within the imposing fort of Dugari.

Indragarh (77 km):The Indragarh Fort and the nearby palaces are famous for the temples of Mother Goddess Kali and Kamleshwar. The palace is also famous for wall paintings.


The Lake City – Udaipur is bathed in a mild, almost feminine aura,which contrast greatly with the harsher tone of Rajasthan’s numerous fortress towns. also known as city of Dawn, is a lovely land around the azure water lake,hemmed in by the lush hills of the Aravallis. A vision in white drenched in romance and beauty, Udaipur is a fascinating blend of sights, sound and experiences and inspiration for the imagination of poets, painters and writers.

Udiapur is the jewel of Mewar-a kingdom ruled by the Sisodia dynasty for 1200 Years. The foundation of the city has an interesting legend associated with it. According to it, Maharana Udai Singh, the founder,was hunting one day when he met a holy man meditations on a hill overlooking the Lake Pichola.

The hermit blessed the Maharana and advised him to build a palace at this favorable located spot with a fertile valley watered by the stream, a lake,an agreeable altitude and an ampitheatre of low mountains. Maharana followed the advise of the hermit and founded the city in 1559 A.D.


City Palace : A majestic architectural marvel towering over the lake on a hill surrounded by crenallated walls, it is a conglomeration of courtyards,pavilions,terraces,corridors,rooms and hanging gardens. The main entrance is through the triple arched gate, the ‘Tripolia’with eight marble porticos. The Maharana were weighed under the gate in the gold,the equivalent amount of which was distributed among the populace.

The Suraj Gokhada, the balcony of the sun, is where the Suryavanshi Maharanas of Mewar presented themselves to the people in time of trouble to restore their confidence. The ‘Mor Chowk’ known for its exquisite peacock mosaics in glass and the ‘Chini Chitrashala’noted for its blue and white ceramics are other attractions in the palace.

Jagdish Temple : Built in 1651 A.D. By Maharana Jagat Singh, this Indo-Aryan temple is the largest and the most beautiful temple of Udaipur with noteworthy sculpted images.

Saheliyon-ki-Bari : This small ornamental garden was a popular relaxing spot where royal ladies came for a stroll and hence the name. The garden has many natural fountains in its four delightful pools,chiseled kiosks and marble elephants.

Bharatiya Lok Kala Museum : The interesting collection exhibited by this Indian folk arts museum includes folk dresses,ornaments,puppets,masks,dolls,folk musical instruments, folk deities and paintings.
Fateh Sagar Lake : A beautiful lake,overlooked by a number of Aravali hills on the three sides and the Pratap Memorial on the north was built by Maharana Fateh Singh. In the middle of the lake is Nehru Park-a lovely garden island with a boat shaped café accessible by an enjoyable boat ride.

Pichola Lake : The picturesque lake that entranced Maharaja Udai Singh. It was later enlarged by the founder. The lake is surrounded by hills,palaces,temples,bathing ghats and embankments. Two island palaces, Jag Mandir and Lake Palace on the lake are of breathtaking magnificence.

Pratap Memorial 
: Moti Magri also known as pearl hill, overlooking the Fateh Sagar Lake is the memorial of the Great Rajput hero Maharana Pratap with a bronze statue of the Maharana.

Ahar Museum : The ancient capital of Sisodias, 3 km from Udaipur,Ahar boasts of a profusion of royal cenotaphs of the rulers of Mewar. A rare collection of antiquities including earthen pots, iron objects and other art items excavated in the region are displayed in a small Govt. museum.

Sajjan Garh 
: Also known as Mansoon Palace Dominating the city’s skyline.It offers a panoramic overview of the city’s lakes,palaces and the surrounding countryside.

Gulab Bagh : A spectacular rose garden laid out by Maharana Sajjan Singh. A library in the Navlakha Mahal has a rare collection of ancient handwritten manuscripts and books

SHILPGRAM : West Zone Cultural Centre of India has set up an artisan’s crafts village at 3 Kms west of Udaipur. It is a living ethnographic museum depecting life style, traditions, customs and folk arts of the rural and tribal people of the states of Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Gujrat, Goa, Daman, etc. There are several huts constructed in the traditional architectural style using mud and local building material to reflect the geographical and ethnic diversity of the different states of west zone of India. The rural artisans and folk artists reside here and perform in the natural surroundings in a village environment. Every year, more than a lakh visitors visit this village which is spread out in an area of 55 acres, surrounded by Aravali mountains. The Shilpgram Utsav organised every year from 23rd December to January 1st, attracts massive crowd creating a scene of rural market fair and festival with live performance of folk artist from different parts of the country. The Terracotta Museum, the museum of masks, folk and musical instruments are of particular attraction

Bagor Ki Haveli : Situated on the bank of Pichola Lake, This Haveli was built by Shri Amarchand Badwa, who was the Prime Minister of Mewar-the rulers of Mewar Pratap Singh, Maharana Ari Singh, Maharana Hamir Singh during the period 1751 to 1778. This palatial building reportedly has 138 rooms, balconies, terraces, courtyards and corridors. The glass and mirror inlay within the Haveli is Unique and procured in its original form. The two peacocks made with small pieces of colored glasses are unique reflection of the finest craftsmanship of glass work. What was once upon a time a living centre of nobility of Udaipur lay in darkness and ruin for nearly half a century till when it was handed over to the West Zone Cultural Centre (WZCC) in 1986.


Eklingji (22 km): Built in 734 A.D. is the beautifully sculpted temple complex with 108 temples within its high walls. The temples are dedicated to Lord Shiva, the presiding deity of Mewar rulers. The walled complex encloses and elaborately pillared hall or ‘mandap’ under a large pyramidal roof and has four-faced image of Lord Shiva in black marble.

Nagda (23 km): The ancient site dating back to the 6th century A.D. is renowned for the Sas-Bahu temples (9t – 10th century A.D.) with interesting architecture and carvings. The splendid Jain temples of Adbudji are also worth a visit.

Haldighati (44 km): A historical site, witness to the great battle fought between Maharana Pratap and Mughal Emperor Akbar in 1576 A.D. The Chhatri of Maharana’s horse-Chetak is noteworthy.

Nathdwara (50 km): The most reverred 17th century shrine, dedicated Shrinathji or Lord Krishna, attracts thousands of Pilgrims from all over the country,especially during Diwali, Holi and Janmashtami festivals.

Kankroli (65 km): An important vaishnava temple popularly called Dwarikadish. It is the most important temple of the Vallabhacharya sect,built to resemble the famous Nathdwara shrine.

Rajsamand Lake (66 km): Close to Kankroli is the dam built by Maharana Raj Singh in 1660 A.D. Many ornamental arches and chhatris adorn the embankment.

Fort Kumbhalgarh (84 km) : This is the most important fort in the Mewar region after Chittorgarh. It’s an isolated and fascinating place 84 km from Udaipur, builtby Maharana Kumbha in the 15th century.Because of its inaccessibility at 1100m on top of the Aravalli Range it was taken only once in its history.There’s also a large sanctuary here, known for its wolves. The scarcity of water holes between March and June makes this the besttime to see animals.Leopard, panther and sloth bear. This is one of the few sanctuaries that allows people to enter on ‘horseback’.

Ranakpur (90 km): The beautifully sculptured Jain temples lie in a tranquil valley of the Aravallis. The main ‘Chaumukha Temple’ is dedicated to the tirthankara Adinath and has 29 halls supported by 1444 pillars, all distinctly carved. Two jain temples dedicated to Neminath and Parsvanath and a Sun Temple a little distance away ,are also noteworthy.

(58 km): The splendid and well preserved 10th century temple of Ambika Mata is known for its intricate carvings in the outer walls. Popularly known as the Khajuraho of Rajasthan.

Jaisamand Lake
 (48 km): A stunningly situated artificial lake, built in the 17th century A.D. by Maharana Jai Singh is the second largest in Asia. Graceful marble chhatris flank the embankment and beautiful summer palaces of the Udaipur queens are built on either side of the lake. Jaisamand Island Resort is also worth visiting.

A trip to Jaisamand Wildlife Sanctuary allows a close encounter with the rich wildlife in their natural habitat. The fauna includes panther,wild boar,deer,four honed antelope, mongoose and various species of migratory birds.

Chittor Garh ( 110 km ) : The hilltop fortress of Chittorgarh epitomizes the whole romantic, doomed ideal of Rajput chivalry. Three times in its long history, Chittor was sacked by a stronger enemy and, on each occasion, the end carne in textbook Rajput fashion as jauhar was declared in the face of impossible odds. The men donned the saffron robes of martyrdom and rode out from the fort to certain death, while the women and children immolated themselves on a huge funeral pyre. Honour was always more important than death.


The eastern gateway of Historical Rajasthan – Bharatpur has had a glorious past as is evident from its beautiful palaces and the historical gateway brought from the Redfort of Delhi by its rulers. not only is bhartpur renowned for its palaces, but is also world famous for its bird sanctuary –The Keoladeo Ghana National Park.


Keoladeo Ghana National Park – Birds of all shades and colors flapping their wings and diving into the water for fish, form the main scenario today in the old city of bharatpur. Migratory birds flock here in July- August but breed in October-November. They build their nests on the short trees which rise above the water level. There are literally thousands of birds, their beauty unbelievable but true.

The most common species seen here are the Siberian Crane, Cormorants, Spoonbills, Ibises, Geese, Ducks, Cranes, Herons, Storks, Pelicans and Flamingos, Kingfishers, Blue Jays, Shrikes, Orioles, Paradise Flycatchers, Parakeets, Eagles, Harriers and snake bird. There are in addition exotic birds from afghanistan, Tibet and as far away as central Asia, Siberia, the Arctic region and China.

The Palace : The royal edifice is a fusion of the Mughal and Rajput architectural styles with magnificent apartments and intricately designed floor tiles having interesting patterns, One can marvel at the ancient exhibits displayed in the museum in the central part of the palace.

Lohagarh Fort : The massive iron structure buit in the early 18th century by Maharaja Suraj Mal, The founder of Bharatpur. The fort has three palaces within its precincts – Kishori Mahal, Mahal Khas and Kothi Khas.

 : Once the second capital of the Maharaja of Bharatpur , it served as summer resort of the rulers.There are gardens and fountains much like the mughal gardens, as also forts and palaces well known for their architectural splendour.
The Deeg fort and the palaces, Gopal Bhawan, Suraj Bhawan and Purana (old ) Mahal are worth a visit.


Alwar is renowned for its museum, palaces, historical ruins and game sanctuaries in the neighbouring forests. Once an ancient Rajput state, formerly known as Mewat, Alwar was nearest to the imperial Delhi. The people of the state did not accept any external interferences and daringly resisted against foreign invasions. In the 12th and 13th centuries, they formed a group and raded Delhi. But finally Sultan Bulban (1267 A.D – 1287 A.D) suppressed them, bringing the area under the Muslims rule.
In 1771 A.D. Maharaja Pratap Singh, a Kuchhwaha Rajput belonging to the clan of Jaipur’s rulers, won back Alwar and founded a principality of his own. Apart from its long history, the city has a rich natural heritage with some beautiful lakes and picturesque valleys thickly wooded in parts. Some of the finest variety of birds and animals are spotted here. Alwar has one of the finest wild life sanctuaries in Rajasthan-Sarika, which is an excellent tiger country.


The City Palace : Seperated from the base of the hill by Sagar, a picturesque tank it consists of a group of buildings in different styles. The Armoury has old swords,sabres and other weapons of Akbar, Jehangir, Shah Jahan, Dara Shikoh, Nadirshah and Aurangzein addition to those bearing the seals of persian rulers, can be seen here. Of these some have hilts of gold studdes with jewels.

The Fort –
Bala Qila This huge fort with its ramparts stretching 5 km form north to south and 1.6 km from east to west, stands 300 metres above the city and 595 metres above the sea level. Constructed before the rise of the Mughal empire. Babar had spent a night at this for and took away the hidden treasures to gift to his son, Humayun. Akbar’s son , Jahangir had also stayed here for some time during his exile. The place where he stayed is called salim mahal. The for was finally annexed by maharaja Pratap singh in 1775 A.D. It is a forbidding structure with 15 large and 51 small towers and 446 openings for musketry, along with 8 huge towers encompassing it. The fort has several gates-jai pole, Suraj pole, Laxman Pole, Chand Pole, Kishan Pole and Andheri Gate. Also there are remains of Jal Mahal, Nikumbh Mahal, Salim Sagar, Suraj Kund and many temples.

Museum :The museum is lodged in a portion of the City Palace and has a finest collection of Mughal and Rajput painting dating back to the 18th and 19th centuries and some rare ancient manuscripts in Persian, Arabic, Urdu and Sanskrit. “Gulistan ” (the garden of roses) , ” Waqiat-I-Babri ” (autobiography of Mughal emperor Babar) and Bostan (the garden of spring) are some of the notable ones amongst the collection. It also has the copy of the great epic “Mahabharata” painted by the artists of the Alwar school. A rich collection of the Indian armoury are among other exhibits of the museum. Behind the City Palace is an artificial lake built in 1815 A.D. by Maharaja Vinay Singh with few temples along its banks. A marvellous chhatri with unusual Bengali roof and arches, also known as the Moosi Maharani ki chhatri, is situated in this are Purjan Vihar (Company Garden) : A picturesque garden,laid out during the reign of Maharaja Shiv Dan Singh in 1868 A.D. The garden has an enchanting settign called “Shimla” which was built by Maharaja Mangal Singh in 1885 A.D. The lush surrounding and the cool shades make it the idyllic visiting spot during summers.

Vijai Mandir Palace 
(10 km) A splendid palace, built by Maharaja Jai Singh in 1918 A. D. picturesque lake overlooking the palace makes it a fascinating sight. A fabulous Sita Ram Temple in the palace attracts number of devotees, especially during Ramnavami. One needs prior permission from the Secretary to visit the palace.

Siliserh Lake Palace 
(13 km) : An idyllic picnic spot with enchanting landscape of wooded hills and beautiful chhatris on the embankment of the 10.5 sq. km placid lake. A magnificient royal palace and the hunting lodge, built by Maharaja Vinay Singh in 1845 A. D. for his queen Shila stands overlooking the lake. Now converted as the Hotel Lake Palace,it offers boating and sailing facilities and is a delight for the trigger-happy phjotographers and fil makers.

Jai Samand Lake 
(6 km) : A beautiful artificial lake constructed by Maharaja Jai Singh in 1910 A.D. is a popular spot for outing and picnics. During monsoons,sprawling greenery all around makes it a visual treat. Easily accessible by road from Alwar.

Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary :

Located at a distance of 32 kms from Alwar, Sariska Sanctuary was established in 1955 A.D. under the Rajputana Wild Animals and Birds Protection Act,1951. It is on the Delhi – Jaipur National Highway, 201 kms from Delhi. The area of the Sanctuary is about 461 sq. km. A large variety of indigenous birds and wild animals, particularly tiger, panther, sambhar, nilgai, wild boar can be seen in an evening drive round the Sanctuary. The valley has picturesque surrounding of wooden hills. Facilities are available for general shooting and tiger photography in the forests near Alwar .